Տոմարական գրականութիւնը Ամստերդամի տպագրութիւններում

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Summary

 

 

CALENDRICAL LITERATURE

IN AMSTERDAM PUBLICATIONS

 

GRIGOR BROUTIAN

 

 

Two books about the Armenian calendar were published in the Armenian printing house of Amsterdam called “Սուրբ Էջմիածին եւ Սուրբ Սարգիս Զօրավար” (“Holy Etchmiadzin and St. Sargis the Commander”). The first book was pub­lished twice in 1668. It was called Գիրք Տոմարաց (“The Book of Calendars”). The second one was published, also twice consecutively, a year later in 1669. Both of these four editions are interesting first of all because they precede by a hundred years the two official regulations of the calendar of the Armenian Church made in 1774 in Etchmiadzin by the Catholicos Simeon Yerevantsi and also the one made seventeen years earlier in 1757 in Venice by the Armenian Mekhitarian Congregation. These publications were put together and carried out by Archbishop Voskan Yerevantsi, although they were started earlier by his brother Avetis. A notable colophon of Voskan Yerevantsi in The Book of Cal­en­dars includes observations of the phases of the moon made by the author in 1668. The author established that the first full moon of spring (Easter) happened on March 18 instead of March 21 (Saturday) as calculated and given in the 532-year tables of Easter dates used by the Armenian Church.

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