Վիպական ծովինարի եւ համաշխարհային առասպելա- բանութեան մէջ նրա զուգորդների ընդհանրութեան շուրջ

Ամփոփում  

ON THE LEGEND OF TSOVINAR AND

 COMMONALITIES REGARDING HER TWIN SONS

 IN MYTHOLOGIES AROUND THE WORLD

 

NAIRA ISKANDARYAN

                The image of Tsovinar, the mother of the House of Sasun, is rather satu­rated and fundamental. Tsovinar’s character can be viewed as a mixture of the Armenian images of early pagan gods and goddesses, including benevolent water spirits. Eminent Armenian philologist M. Abeghyan regards Tsovinar not only as the embodiment of water but also as that of thunder – a virgin with eyes emitting thunder when depicted in personified images of thunder. Tsovinar has her equivalents in world mythology. There is bewitching Mary in Basque my­thology, whose character and activities are very similar or nearly identical to that of Tsovinar.

                Tsovinar’s image is based on the highest ideal of the virgin mother and differs in essence from other women in the epic. Tsovinar is the character in the epic that gives birth to the heroic lives personified by twin brother Sanasar (also known as Adrameliq and Aslimeliq) and Baghdasar. There are opinions that Tsovinar symbolized the mother goddess in the mythological perceptions of proto-Armenians. Later those perceptions were attributed to the Iranian goddess Anahit-Nanayya and much later to Our Lady in Christianity. There are particu­lar links with the latter given that in both cases the immaculate conception was done through natural forces: in one case it was the Holy Spirit, in the other life-giving water.

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