Արցախեան հակամարտութեան պատմաքաղաքագիտական համեմատական վերլուծութիւն

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HISTORICAL-POLITOLOGICAL

COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS

OF NAGORNO-KARABAKH CONFLICT

 

EDGAR KALANTARIAN

 

During the whole history of humanity the Caucasus has always been in the middle of clash of different civilizations.  The region has a pivotal place in the geopolitical calculations of at least three major world actors (Russia, the USA and the EU) and it’s here that the interests if these three and two other regional major actors (Iran and Turkey) collide.

With its geopolitical position Nagorno Karabakh (Artsakh) has a strate­gically favorable location in the Southern Caucasus, therefore the Artsakh con­flict and the closed borders followed as a result obstruct the super powers from fulfilling their global plans in the region. Artsakh has always been inhabited by Armenians. The Soviet authorities, neglecting the fact of national priority in Artsakh, made Artsakh as a part Soviet Azerbaijan in 1921, hence laying the foundations of Artsakh conflict. The conflict burst into a war in 1988 and since the ceasefire in 1994 it has remained unsolved. During the on-going negotia­tions Azerbaijan first of all demands acknowledgement of territorial integrity, which foresees “return” of liberated territories, resettlement of refuges in those areas and, in the end, discussions about the status-quo of Artsakh, which is defi­nitely unacceptable for the Armenian part, as for them the status-quo of Artsakh, self-determination of the people and the link with the Motherland are primary issues. 

 

 

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