Անանիա Շիրակունու եւ Յովհաննէս Սարկաւագի օրացոյցների կառուցուածքը եւ դրանց առնչութիւնը

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THE CONSTRUCTION OF CALENDARS OF ANANIA SHIRAKOUNI AND YOVHANNES SARKAWAG AND THEIR RELATION

 

GRIGOR BROUTIAN

 

In the beginning of XII century the Catholicos of Armenia Grigor II Vkay­aser created the new ceremonial church book Yaysmawurq. In order to make a calendric basis for this new church book the famous Armenian scientist of the time Yovhannes Sarkawag created a new Armenian calendar system (called afterwards Sarkawagadir – created by Sarkawag) that was immovable and was going parallel with the Roman and similar calendars. Sarkawag also edited the Kharnakhoran tables created in the VII c. by Anania Shirakouni. These tables were created and used to synchronize and parallel represent the calendars of 14 Christian nations (Romans, Greeks, Syrians, Hebrews, Arabs, Macedonians, Egyptians, Ethiopians, Athenians, Bithynians, Cappadocians, Georgians, Alba­nians (this refers to the Caucasian Albania), and Persians). Sarkawag included the new Armenian calendar system into Kharnakhoran. Thus, the new edited Kharnakhoran became quite sufficient to synchronize and parallel represent all the calendars of 15 Christian nations (including also the Armenian calendar), and it became unnecessary the parallel presentation of Armenian and Roman calendars in the 532-year tables. This is the reason why Sarkawag did not in­clude the Armenian calendar into the new 532-year tables (as it was in case of Anania’s similar tables) and composed them based only on the Roman calendar. 

Sarkawag also regulated the chronological systems and the system of Ma­jor Armenian calendar made periodic with 532 year period.  This is why he created his 532-year tables not as continuation of Anania’s similar tables that ended in A.D. 1112, but he started them just in the beginning of the second 532-year period of Major Armenian calendar created in A.D. 552 by Atanas Taro­naci.

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