Ակնարկ նուիրուած Գանձարաններուն

Ամփոփում  
A SURVEY ON "GANDZARAN"
 
ARMINE KEUCHGERIAN

 

"Gandzaran" contain a special kind of poetry called "gandz" (anthem) and "tagh" (hymn). The latter also has its derivatives known as "pokh" and "meghedi" (melody). These poems, dedicated to church feasts and saints, were sung during the church ceremonies. The gandz which was the main element was mostly composed of a recitative, while the tagh and its derivatives (often parts of the same tagh) – used as auxiliary elements for the gandz – were energetic and vigorous, the meghedi being especially melodious. The oldest samples of these poems date back to the 10th century, as their first author is considered to be Grigor Narekatsi (Gregory of Narek) (951-1003), the most renowned Armenian poet of the Middle Ages. The Gandzaran, though preserved with hundreds of manuscripts – the oldest copies belong to the 13th century – was not thoroughly studied. Grigor Narekatsi's publications often included also his three anthems. The author's hymns were published more frequently. However, neither the anthems nor the hymns were presented as elements of the Gandzaran, as the orderly arrangement of gandz+tagh coordination was not understood.
 
The study of the Gandzaran manuscripts carried out by the present writer took place while working at the Institute of Old Manuscripts ("Matenadaran") in Yerevan. The research helped to identify the order and arrangement of the anthems and hymns and to understand the difference between the old and revised collections of Gandzaran. The survey presented here gives a general notion of the orderly coordination between the anthems and hymns. It also explains why the anthems and hymns of the revised Gandzarans that had undergone the edition of Grigor Xlateci (Gregory of Khlat) (1349-1425) do not have the same composition as those of the older period.
 
To insure the availability of more specialised information, the names of the books and articles (these are in Armenian) by the present author appear at the end of the survey.
 
 
12.00€
Հատոր  
Էջեր  
17
Լեզու